Anemia is a lack of red blood cells in the body that carry oxygen. Some people are born with this disease, also known as thalassemia, but most suffer from iron or vitamin B12 deficiency. It is the most common blood disorder affecting millions of Pakistanis annually.
Knowing a few facts about this disease can help with its symptoms and treatment.
The most common type of anemia
The body needs iron to make hemoglobin, the protein that helps red blood cells carry oxygen throughout the body. Still, iron deficiency anemia is the most common disorder resulting from iron deficiency. Red blood cells break down in the blood, and the iron is released from them into the urine. Stomach pain also occurs when this happens.
The effects of vitamin deficiency anemia are similar. Vitamin B12 and folate are also essential for forming healthy red blood cells, and a deficiency of these vitamins can lead to anemia. Among the causes of lack of iron or vitamins in the body is the choice of food or difficulties in absorbing them for the body.
How to Get Rid of Iron Deficiency ( Urdu )
All symptoms of anemia should be taken seriously
Anemia can have about 400 different causes, including low intake of green leafy vegetables in the diet, blood cancer, or bone marrow problems. Mild anemia can be one of the early symptoms of a severe disorder affecting the process of making blood cells, meaning that the symptoms of anemia can be managed but never ignored.
Why does anemia cause fatigue?
So this is due to the lack of oxygen in the body; even if your respiratory system is healthy, the tissues of people suffering from anemia do not get enough oxygen, resulting in headaches, dizziness, shortness of breath, and fatigue. Similar symptoms appear. As a result of severe anemia, people face many problems with these symptoms. Still, these symptoms are not very noticeable even in mild anemia, due to which the disease is often not diagnosed.
Anemia can cause the urge to chew ice
The most unusual symptom of anemia is eating ice cubes, baking soda, pencils, or dry paint. Medical experts still cannot figure out why patients urge to chew these strange things, but they say it is a pervasive habit of anemia.
Diagnosis is possible with a simple blood test
Although it can be challenging to identify the symptoms, the test is straightforward, the doctor takes a blood sample and performs a complete blood count (CBC), which measures the number of red blood cells and hemoglobin in the blood. Is. The ratio of these two determines whether a person is healthy or anemic. According to the Mayo Clinic of the United States, the blood of adult men contains an average of 40 to 52 percent of red blood cells (the rest is plasma), while the average of adult women is 35 to 47 percent.
Anemia is more common in developing countries
About 25 percent of the world’s population, or about 2 billion people, are affected by anemia, of which 50 percent result from iron deficiency. While the disease is more common in developing countries where food is a problem, most anemia cases worldwide involve mild or mild anemia. They may not be dangerous (if there is no underlying cause). And the disease is not hidden).