Thursday, June 13, 2024

What Are the Symptoms of Depression, What Are the Causes, and What Are the Treatments?

At times most of us feel down, depressed, and depressed. These symptoms usually resolve within one to two weeks, and our lives are not significantly affected.

The causes of depression vary; sometimes, depression or sadness can start for no apparent reason. In most cases, we cope with this depression on our own, while talking with family or friends also helps to resolve the depression and does not require any treatment. But this sadness is called depression when the feeling of sadness lasts for more than two weeks and still does not go away –

Depression is so severe that daily routines of life are affected –

Landay Ke Kapre Aur Jootay

Some people mistakenly do not consider all depression to be a disease, but it is not. Depression is a disease like high blood pressure and diabetes that can affect anyone.

Depression is one of the most common diseases. According to the World Health Organization, there are currently two hundred and eighty million depression patients worldwide. While in developing countries like Pakistan, ten to fourteen percent of the total population suffers from depression.

Symptoms of depression

Symptoms of depression may include:

Feeling tired –

Loss of physical energy –

Insomnia –

Excessive sleepiness –

Headache –

Muscle stiffness –

Digestive problems –

Do not feel hungry

Loss of appetite can also be a sign of depression and weight loss or gain. Most patients with depression experience a lack of appetite, while some individuals with depression may also have an increased appetite.


Loss of interest in life and sadness in mood are the main symptoms of depression. Activities in life that used to be fun and exciting lose their appeal. Along with this, depressed patients become more emotional and lose hope.

Daily routines are affected

Depression affects daily routines, leading to job loss and loss of relationships with relatives. Depressed patients withdraw from their favorite activities, while in severe cases, depressed patients may even commit suicide.

Signs of suicide

Suicidality risks are significantly increased in patients with depression, so symptoms of depression include talking about suicide or death, aggressive, threatening talk, and threats to harm people.

Causes of Depression

There can be several reasons for this disease which are as follows.

Brain chemistry

The number of chemicals in the brain that play an essential role in improving mood, thoughts, sleep, appetite, and behavior can be imbalanced. An imbalance of these chemicals can lead to depression.

Hormone levels

In women, the risk of depression also increases due to an imbalance in the number of hormones called estrogen and progesterone. The amount of these hormones can become unbalanced during or immediately after menstruation.

Family history

You are more likely to develop depression if you have a parent or family member with depression.

Childhood events

Some unpleasant childhood events, such as severe stress or trauma, also increase the chances of depression.

Some diseases

Some diseases can also cause depression. These diseases include anemia, chronic pain or discomfort, cancer, heart attack, etc.

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